6 Expert Steps To Hot Forging Steel
Steel hot forging still remains one of the biggest forming in the metal manufacturing industry. That’s because of the numerous good properties that steel offers over other metals such as iron. But hot forging steel is not a simple thing to do. There are several things that you need to get right to get the best quality forged parts.
In this guide, we have put together 5 expert steps to hot forging steek. Here are some of the things that you need to consider. Check out the following:
Select Type Of Steel
The first and most important step is knowing the kind of steel that you are working on. There are various types of steel, including pure steel. But the other varieties are all alloys. So, you need to understand whether you are hot forging alloys or pure steel. This will give you other crucial pieces of information, including the right forging temperature and compression force.
The second step is heating. The metal, which in this case may come in a variety of shapes and sizes, is heated to crystallization temperature. That’s why in the first step, it was important to understand the type of steel you are forging. The heating should reach near the molten state of the steel.
Since the heated metal is in all kinds of shape, it needs to be performed for the fording process. Remember, you have a press chamber where the material to be forged must fit in. The preforming process is determined by the press chamber size and sometimes the shape. If it gets cold during preforming, you can have it re-heated.
The heated material is now ready for the forging process. Make sure the hot forging press is set to produce the right force needed to forget the steel. Place the molten metal blank in the press chamber and punch against the molds or dies to create the required shape. That’s simply how forging is done.
Treatment of the hot forged steel is a very important stage. It is the stage that determines the hardness and strength of the forged steel parts. Proper cooling helps to create fine grains to improve the toughness of the hot forged parts.
Finishing helps to improve the dimensional accuracy of forged products. So, after pressing, you need to have the dimensional features improved through finishing work. you can also use machining equipment for finishing work.